BELMONT, AUGUST (1816–1890), U.S. banker, diplomat, and politician. Belmont was born in Alzey (Hesse), but claimed descent from the distinguished belmonte family of Portugal. His enemies later circulated the story that his original name was Schoenberg. He began his career as an apprentice in the Frankfurt banking house of rothschild and was soon transferred to the Naples office, where he conducted the Rothschilds' financial negotiations, including those with the Vatican. After an assignment to Havana, Cuba, in 1837, Belmont served the Rothschild interests in New York. Later he opened his own banking house, August Belmont & Co., which continued to represent the Rothschilds in the United States until the beginning of the 20th century. In 1844 he was appointed honorary Austrian consul general in New York, but resigned in 1850 in protest against the Vienna regime's brutal treatment of the Hungarian rebels, particularly their leader, Louis Kossuth. Belmont represented the United States at The Hague as chargé d'affaires (1853–55), and as minister (1855–58). At the conclusion of his foreign service, Belmont returned to New York and became active in political life. He supported the Union during the Civil War and raised and equipped the first German-born regiment in New York. He enlisted the support of European bankers and merchants for the Union cause during visits to Europe in 1861 and 1863. As Democratic National Committee chairman from 1860 until his retirement from politics in 1872, he exercised great influence in his party and American society. He became the founder of the U.S. Racing Club. One of America's best-known racetracks bears his name. Belmont severed his Jewish ties and married the daughter of Commodore Matthew C. Perry. One son, PERRY (1850–1947), became a lawyer, diplomat, congressman, and an author on United States history and politics. The other, AUGUST (1853–1924), succeeded his father as head of the bank, and played an important role in financing public transportation in the United States. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.J.H. Gottheil, The Belmont-Belmonte Family (1917), 173–5; I. Katz, August Belmont… (1968). (Joachim O. Ronall)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Belmont, August — ▪ American banker original name  August Schönberg   born Dec. 8, 1816, Alzey, Rhenish Prussia [now Germany] died Nov. 24, 1890, New York City       U.S. banker and diplomat, founder in 1837 of the banking house of August Belmont & Company, in New …   Universalium

  • Belmont, August — (1816–90)    US banker and diplomat. An immigrant from Germany, Belmont started his own New York bank that represented his former employers, the House of Rothschild in Frankfurt. From 1853 to 1858 he served as US chargé d’affaires and minister in …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • August Belmont — (* 8. Dezember 1813[1] in Alzey; † 24. November 1890 in New York City) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Bankier und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belmont family — U.S. family prominent in banking and finance, politics, and patronage of the arts. Its founder in the U.S. was August Belmont (1816–90), a Prussian born Jewish banker and diplomat. Belmont entered the Rothschilds Frankfurt, Ger., banking house at …   Universalium

  • Belmont Stakes — /bel mont/ a horse race for three year olds run annually at Elmont, N.Y., three weeks after the Preakness. * * * Oldest of the three U.S. horse races that constitute the Triple Crown. The Belmont originated in 1867 and is named after August… …   Universalium

  • Belmont Park — is a major thoroughbred horse racing facility located in the hamlet of Elmont, New York in Nassau County, Long Island in the Town of Hempstead. Its mile and a half (2.4 km) main track is the largest dirt course in Thoroughbred racing. It first… …   Wikipedia

  • August Belmont junior — (* 28. Dezember 1851 in New York City; † 10. Dezember 1924 in North Babylon, Suffolk County (New York)) war ein amerikanischer Bankier, Pferdezüchter und Besitzer eines Pferderennstalls. Er war Sohn des aus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belmont — may refer to:Cities, towns or communitiesIn Australia*Belmont, New South Wales *Belmont State Park, in New South Wales *Belmont, Queensland *Belmont, Victoria *Belmont, Western Australia, a suburb of Perth *City of Belmont, a Local Government… …   Wikipedia

  • Belmont Stakes — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Belmont Stakes es la tercera fecha de la Triple Corona de la hípica estadounidense. Se realiza en Nueva York, 21 días después de la Preakness Stakes de Baltimore, Maryland. Se disputa desde 1867, siendo la carrera… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Belmont (Familienname) — Belmont ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Albert Belmont (1875–1969), Schweizer Politiker (SP/KPS) und Gewerkschafter August Belmont (1813–1890), deutsch US amerikanischer Bankier und Politiker August Belmont junior (1851–1924), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”